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arduino:control_structures:else

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arduino:control_structures:else [2013/02/15 20:45] (current)
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 +====== if / else   ======
 +
 +**if/else** allows greater control over the flow of code than the basic **if** statement, by allowing multiple tests to be grouped together. For example, an analog input could be tested and one action taken if the input was less than 500, and another action taken if the input was 500 or greater. The code would look like this:
 +
 +<code arduino>if (pinFiveInput < 500)
 +{
 +  // action A
 +}
 +else
 +{
 +  // action B
 +}</code>
 +
 +**else** can proceed another **if** test, so that multiple, mutually exclusive tests can be run at the same time. 
 +
 +Each test will proceed to the next one until a true test is encountered. When a true test is found, its associated block of code is run, and the program then skips to the line following the entire if/else construction. If no test proves to be true, the default **else** block is executed, if one is present, and sets the default behavior. 
 +
 +Note that an **else if** block may be used with or without a terminating **else** block and vice versa. An unlimited number of such **else if** branches is allowed.
 +
 +<code arduino>if (pinFiveInput < 500)
 +{
 +  // do Thing A
 +}
 +else if (pinFiveInput >= 1000)
 +{
 +  // do Thing B
 +}
 +else
 +{
 +  // do Thing C
 +}
 +</code>
 +Another way to express branching, mutually exclusive tests, is with the [[switch case]] statement.
 +
 +
 +====See also:   ====
 +[[switch case]]
 +
 +Source: arduino.cc
  
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arduino/control_structures/else.txt · Last modified: 2013/02/15 20:45 (external edit)

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