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arduino:bitwise_operators:bitwisecompoundor

compound bitwise OR (|=)

Description

The compound bitwise OR operator (|=) is often used with a variable and a constant to “set” (set to 1) particular bits in a variable.

Syntax:

x |= y;   // equivalent to x = x | y; 

Parameters

x: a char, int or long variable
y: an integer constant or char, int, or long

Example:

First, a review of the Bitwise OR (|) operator

   0  0  1  1    operand1
   0  1  0  1    operand2
   ----------
   0  1  1  1    (operand1 | operand2) - returned result

Bits that are “bitwise ORed” with 0 are unchanged, so if myByte is a byte variable,

myByte | B00000000 = myByte;

Bits that are “bitwise ORed” with 1 are set to 1 so:
myByte | B11111111 = B11111111;

Consequently - to set bits 0 & 1 of a variable, while leaving the rest of the variable unchanged, use the compound bitwise OR operator (|=) with the constant B00000011

   1  0  1  0  1  0  1  0    variable
   0  0  0  0  0  0  1  1    mask
   ----------------------
   1  0  1  0  1  0  1  1
 
 variable unchanged
                     bits set
 

Here is the same representation with the variables bits replaced with the symbol x

   x  x  x  x  x  x  x  x    variable
   0  0  0  0  0  0  1  1    mask
   ----------------------
   x  x  x  x  x  x  1  1
 
 variable unchanged
                     bits set

So if:

myByte =  B10101010;
 
myByte |= B00000011 == B10101011;

See Also * &= (compound bitwise and) * & (bitwise and) * | (bitwise or)

Source: arduino.cc

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arduino/bitwise_operators/bitwisecompoundor.txt · Last modified: 2013/02/15 20:45 (external edit)

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