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arduino:random_numbers:random

random()

Description

The random function generates pseudo-random numbers.

Syntax

random(max)
random(min, max)

Parameters

min - lower bound of the random value, inclusive (optional)

max - upper bound of the random value, exclusive

Returns

a random number between min and max-1 (long)

Note:

If it is important for a sequence of values generated by random() to differ, on subsequent executions of a sketch, use randomSeed() to initialize the random number generator with a fairly random input, such as analogRead() on an unconnected pin.

Conversely, it can occasionally be useful to use pseudo-random sequences that repeat exactly. This can be accomplished by calling randomSeed() with a fixed number, before starting the random sequence.

Example

long randNumber;
 
void setup(){
  Serial.begin(9600);
 
  // if analog input pin 0 is unconnected, random analog
  // noise will cause the call to randomSeed() to generate
  // different seed numbers each time the sketch runs.
  // randomSeed() will then shuffle the random function.
  randomSeed(analogRead(0));
}
 
void loop() {
  // print a random number from 0 to 299
  randNumber = random(300);
  Serial.println(randNumber);  
 
  // print a random number from 10 to 19
  randNumber = random(10, 20);
  Serial.println(randNumber);
 
  delay(50);
}

See also

* randomSeed(seed)

Source: arduino.cc

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arduino/random_numbers/random.txt · Last modified: 2013/02/15 20:45 (external edit)

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